Language: Why artificial general intelligence is impossible

Consciousness is the most mysterious problem faced by humans. In many well-known philosophical essays, consciousness is considered unsolvable. However, as we speak, engineers and scientists are keeping their noses soft to enhance consciousness in artificial intelligence (AI) systems.

Generally, this project refers to the development of “artificial intelligence (AGI)”, which covers a wide range of cognitive and intellectual abilities that humans possess. So far, the project – which is being carried out on 72 independent research projects worldwide – has not produced conscious robots. Instead, we have super-intelligent AI, which, on the whole, is very narrow in its capabilities.

A trick pony

For example, in chess matches with computers such as IBM’s Deep Blue, the best human chess players are completely destroyed. Writer and Grandmaster chess player Andrew Soltis was quoted as saying, “Right now, there is no competition. Computers are great. “However, deep blue Only Good at chess. We still need to create an AI system that can transcend or maintain common human knowledge.

Even the famous humanoid robot Sophia, who became a citizen of Saudi Arabia in 2017, did not exhibit consciousness or artificial intelligence. To be sure, some of what Sofia is capable of is surprisingly sophisticated. For example, Sofia receives visual information that can be used to identify her personal faces and maintain eye contact. Similarly, Sofia is able to process language to the point where she can handle frivolous conversations with people. In addition, Sofia can make over 60 different facial expressions during those conversations. It certainly feels like the presence of a conscious being.

Language is key to artificial intelligence

Sofia has amazing abilities Sound Suitable for consciousness, but only superficially. And the reason for this is rooted in language. Human language is very complex. This is a major feature of human communication Meaning What we often say is not made clear by the literal meaning of our sentences. Instead, the meaning of our words is often greater than what we clearly emphasize.

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Irony is a good example. Consider going to a Broadway show where the protagonist is drunk and performs terribly. It is fun to say that this show showcased “peak professionalism and wit”. The average person immediately understands these words to refer to them contrary to their literal meaning. In fact, human communication is very indirect. Irony, metaphor, and exaggeration often convey meaning with more persuasion than literary arguments.

Most of the time, we do not say directly, we indicate or indicate our purpose. True, human speech can be very sluggish without appealing to the toys we often talk about. Poetry and literature do not necessarily exist. The subtle art of language is, in a sense, part of what it is Makes us Human.

Chatbot with face

Human consciousness, in other words, understands partial abstract and indirect meanings. And there is precisely this kind of perception that artificial intelligence is ineffective. Sofia can speak, but the conversation is frivolous. In fact, many computer scientists see Sofia only as a face-to-face chatbot.

Christopher Hitchens once aptly said, “The literal mind is confused with the satirical, seeking explanations that only exacerbate the joke.” Such literary thinking about language is related to language to artificial intelligence. For example, if Sofia hears a previous Broadway joke, too In the case, She may respond, “I do not know what you are talking about. The actor is unprofessional and drunk. In other words, she did not understand.

Sofia also finds it very difficult to identify complex concepts such as drunkenness or professionalism. Unlike humans and some animals, advanced AI systems such as Sophia do not detect the emotional or mental state of other organisms. Therefore, they can only comprehend the word-for-word meaning of sentences. For example, try to be sarcastic with Siri. It does not work. Heck, ask her to find a non-McDonald’s. Can’t even do that.

The theory of the mind

We understand other people and their minds with similarity. Unfortunately, such indirect engineers and cognitive scientists have failed to program in artificial intelligence. Because the human ability to indirectly trust each other faithfully is a mystery. Our ability to think abstractly and creatively, in other words, is very challenging to understand. And it is impossible to code what we do not understand. That is why novels and poems written by AI fail to create a coherent plot or are largely meaningless.

Artificial intelligence – robot consciousness – will be possible in the distant future. But without a complete and comprehensive understanding of the language and its myriad subtleties, AGI is absolutely impossible.

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