Meet the Sturgeon class: A submarine built for war with Russia

The sturgeon-The class was the backbone of the Cold War assault sub fleet of the US Navy – Until implementation Angels– the class, sturgeon-class was the backbone of the submarine fleet of the United States Navy from the Cold War. The ships were designed to search for and destroy enemy submarines.

What you need to know:

Both the United States and the Soviet Union began developing hunting-killing submarines in the late 1940s, but their paths certainly diverged. The United States Navy focused on submarines that were armed with weapons fired by torpedo launchers and those designated as SSN, while the Soviets developed submarines that were able to launch torpedoes and anti-ship missiles. Such vessels have been designated SSGN.

The US SSN was designed to hunt its quarry by listening with sensitive sonar devices mounted on the hull. In addition to state-of-the-art sensor systems, the main advantage of the US Navy’s hunting and killing submarines was that they could remain submerged on patrol for virtually unlimited time. The depth of the hunter-killer dive could be equal to, or often exceed, the ballistic missile submarine.

To meet Sturgeon class

The sturgeon-class has been expanded and improved Thresher / Permit-classes that directly preceded it, but with other “hidden” functions and electronic systems. It was the largest class of nuclear-powered submarines until the arrival of Angelsclasses and were often used in intelligence gathering, which included wearing special equipment and National Security Agency (NSA) personnel.

USS sturgeon (SSN-637) began patrolling the operation in 1968 and during one series of exercises played a partial role in evaluating new equipment mounted on a US Navy naval patrol aircraft.

Its longest deployment took place in 1974, when it was assigned to the sixth US fleet in the Mediterranean for six months.

Key specifications

The sturgeon-class was equipped with a pressurized water reactor Westinghouse S5W, which powered two steam turbines driving one shaft. This allowed a speed of 18 knots on the surface and 26 knots on the surface.

The original electronics consisted of a BPS-15 surface search radar, a BQQ sonar kit and later a tow field, as well as a Mk 117 torpedo fire control system, a satellite communication system and an underwater telephone.

The hunter / killer attack submarines were originally armed with 533 mm (21-inch) torpedoes, which were later upgraded to include ballistic missiles fired from the Sub-Harpoon and Tomahawk submarines. Data on each torpedo tube could be displayed on the control panel at the ship’s control center and passed to the submarine’s combat system. The control center also included the Target Motion Attack (TMA) system, which allowed the crew to track targets using only passive sonar bearings.

The crew consisted of 14 officers and 95 men. Some of her class’s boats have been modified with compartments for US Special Forces, especially the Navy SEAL, as well as related equipment.

A total of thirty-seven boats were produced – as well as one modified version for experimental research. Construction of the main ship began in 1963 and several shipbuilders, including General Dynamics Electric Boat, Ingalls Shipbuilding, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, New York Shipbuilding, Newport News Shipbuilding and Mare Island Naval Shipyard, produced submarines until 1975.

The last ship of the class, the USS Richard B. Russell (SSN-687), was commissioned in August 1975. Originally designed for a 20-year service life, Sturgeon-class ships have extended this life to thirty years with another planned three-year extension. It was the first to be decommissioned by the USS in October 1991 Sea devil (SSN-664); last, USS Plaster (SSN-683), was decommissioned in July 2005.

Peter Suciu, who has been editor-in-chief since 1945, is a Michigan writer who has contributed to more than forty magazines, newspapers and websites. He writes regularly about military equipment and is the author of several books on military headgear, including the Military Headgear Gallery, which is available on Peter is also a contributor to Forbes.

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