Consecutive poor seasonal food harvests and below-average livestock production, coupled with sharp increases in prices of food and essential non-food commodities caused widespread food insecurity in the refugee hosting districts. Between June and August 2022, 21% of the population (857,000 people) in refugee-hosting districts experienced high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 and above). Of the total 12 districts analyzed, 9 districts were classified in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis), while the other three were classified in IPC Phase 2 (Stressed). Compared to the analysis conducted in June 2020, the food security situation was found to only have improved in two districts with the situation remaining similar in the other districts. Overall, the food security situation in the host districts remained almost similar to the June 2020 analysis with the proportion in IPC Phase 3 or above only reducing from 24% in June 2020 to 21% in June 2022. At the time of the analysis, a sizeable proportions of households in IPC Phase 3 or above were facing widening food consumption gaps and employing atypical crisis and emergency coping strategies.
It is anticipated that the food security situation will improve in the projection period of September 2022 to January 2023, with the population in IPC Phase 3 or above decreasing from 857,000 (21%) to 473,000 (11%). The districts of Koboko, Kyegegwa, Lamwo, Madi Okollo, Obongi, Terego and Yumbe are projected to improve from IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) to Phase 2 (Stressed), whereas Adjumani and Kiryandongo will remain in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) throughout the. projection period. Compared to a previous analysis of the same period, the population in IPC Phase 3 or above is projected to reduce by 6% (from 17% September to December 2020 to 11% September 2022 to January 2023) due to the expected improvement in availability of food – particularly cassava, sorghum and highland / cooking bananas (matooke).